A sore throat can have many causes and most of them aren't very serious. If your nose or sinuses are blocked up, the mucus can run down the back of your throat, and that may cause a sore throat. Dry air can also make your throat sore and scratchy. Having the flu can give you a sore throat. Bacteria can also cause a sore throat, or what is called strep throat, which can be treated with medicine.
How to treat a sore throat:
- Gargle with warm salt water.
- Suck on hard sweets or throat drops. Small children should not do this. They might swallow or choke on them.
- Ask your pharmacist for a spray that numbs your throat.
- If your throat is dry and scratchy, running hot water in a bathroom and breathing in the steam will help.
Call the doctor if:
- Your lymph nodes are swollen (lymph nodes are on the sides of your neck right under your jaw.)
- You have white patches in the back of your throat.
- You suddenly get a sore throat with a fever.
- Your sore throat lasts more than a week.
- You can't manage to drink anything. It's normal if it's hard to swallow, but if you can't drink water, you might get dehydrated.
- The front of your neck is sore along with your throat.